(PHP 4, PHP 5, PHP 7)
popen — Opens process file pointer
$mode) : resource
Opens a pipe to a process executed by forking the command given
Returns a file pointer identical to that returned by fopen(), except that it is unidirectional (may only be used for reading or writing) and must be closed with pclose(). This pointer may be used with fgets(), fgetss(), and fwrite(). When the mode is 'r', the returned file pointer equals to the STDOUT of the command, when the mode is 'w', the returned file pointer equals to the STDIN of the command.
If an error occurs, returns
Example #1 popen() example
$handle = popen("/bin/ls", "r");
If the command to be executed could not be found, a valid resource is returned. This may seem odd, but makes sense; it allows you to access any error message returned by the shell:
Example #2 popen() example
/* Add redirection so we can get stderr. */
$handle = popen('/path/to/executable 2>&1', 'r');
echo "'$handle'; " . gettype($handle) . "\n";
$read = fread($handle, 2096);
If you're looking for bi-directional support (two-way), use proc_open().
Notă: Când este activat modul securizat, puteți executa fișierele aflate în safe_mode_exec_dir. Din motive practice, în prezent nu se permite de a avea componente .. în calea către executabil.
Când este activat modul securizat, linia de comandă este prelucrată cu escapeshellcmd(). De aceea, echo y | echo x devine echo y \| echo x .