(PHP 4, PHP 5, PHP 7)
fopen — Opens file or URL
$context]] ) : resource
fopen() binds a named resource, specified by
filename, to a stream.
filename is of the form "scheme://...", it
is assumed to be a URL and PHP will search for a protocol handler
(also known as a wrapper) for that scheme. If no wrappers for that
protocol are registered, PHP will emit a notice to help you track
potential problems in your script and then continue as though
filename specifies a regular file.
If PHP has decided that
a local file, then it will try to open a stream on that file.
The file must be accessible to PHP, so you need to ensure that
the file access permissions allow this access.
If you have enabled modul securizat
or open_basedir further
restrictions may apply.
If PHP has decided that
a registered protocol, and that protocol is registered as a
network URL, PHP will check to make sure that
enabled. If it is switched off, PHP will emit a warning and
the fopen call will fail.
The list of supported protocols can be found in Supported Protocols and Wrappers. Some protocols (also referred to as wrappers) support context and/or php.ini options. Refer to the specific page for the protocol in use for a list of options which can be set. (e.g. php.ini value user_agent used by the http wrapper).
On the Windows platform, be careful to escape any backslashes used in the path to the file, or use forward slashes.
$handle = fopen("c:\\folder\\resource.txt", "r");
mode parameter specifies the type of access
you require to the stream. It may be any of the following:
|'r'||Open for reading only; place the file pointer at the beginning of the file.|
|'r+'||Open for reading and writing; place the file pointer at the beginning of the file.|
|'w'||Open for writing only; place the file pointer at the beginning of the file and truncate the file to zero length. If the file does not exist, attempt to create it.|
|'w+'||Open for reading and writing; place the file pointer at the beginning of the file and truncate the file to zero length. If the file does not exist, attempt to create it.|
|'a'||Open for writing only; place the file pointer at the end of the file. If the file does not exist, attempt to create it. In this mode, fseek() has no effect, writes are always appended.|
|'a+'||Open for reading and writing; place the file pointer at the end of the file. If the file does not exist, attempt to create it. In this mode, fseek() only affects the reading position, writes are always appended.|
Create and open for writing only; place the file pointer at the
beginning of the file. If the file already exists, the
fopen() call will fail by returning
|'x+'||Create and open for reading and writing; otherwise it has the same behavior as 'x'.|
|'c'||Open the file for writing only. If the file does not exist, it is created. If it exists, it is neither truncated (as opposed to 'w'), nor the call to this function fails (as is the case with 'x'). The file pointer is positioned on the beginning of the file. This may be useful if it's desired to get an advisory lock (see flock()) before attempting to modify the file, as using 'w' could truncate the file before the lock was obtained (if truncation is desired, ftruncate() can be used after the lock is requested).|
|'c+'||Open the file for reading and writing; otherwise it has the same behavior as 'c'.|
|'e'||Set close-on-exec flag on the opened file descriptor. Only available in PHP compiled on POSIX.1-2008 conform systems.|
Different operating system families have different line-ending conventions. When you write a text file and want to insert a line break, you need to use the correct line-ending character(s) for your operating system. Unix based systems use \n as the line ending character, Windows based systems use \r\n as the line ending characters and Macintosh based systems use \r as the line ending character.
If you use the wrong line ending characters when writing your files, you might find that other applications that open those files will "look funny".
Windows offers a text-mode translation flag ('t') which will transparently translate \n to \r\n when working with the file. In contrast, you can also use 'b' to force binary mode, which will not translate your data. To use these flags, specify either 'b' or 't' as the last character of the
The default translation mode depends on the SAPI and version of PHP that you are using, so you are encouraged to always specify the appropriate flag for portability reasons. You should use the 't' mode if you are working with plain-text files and you use \n to delimit your line endings in your script, but expect your files to be readable with applications such as notepad. You should use the 'b' in all other cases.
If you do not specify the 'b' flag when working with binary files, you may experience strange problems with your data, including broken image files and strange problems with \r\n characters.
For portability, it is strongly recommended that you always use the 'b' flag when opening files with fopen().
Again, for portability, it is also strongly recommended that you re-write code that uses or relies upon the 't' mode so that it uses the correct line endings and 'b' mode instead.
The optional third
can be set to '1' or
TRUE if you want to search for the file in the
Notă: Susținrea contextelor a fost adăugată începând cu PHP 5.0.0. Pentru o descriere a contextelor, referiți-vă la Streams.
Returns a file pointer resource on success,
FALSE în cazul eșecului
În cazul eșecului este emis un
|7.0.16, 7.1.2||The 'e' option was added.|
|5.2.6||The 'c' and 'c+' options were added|
Example #1 fopen() examples
$handle = fopen("/home/rasmus/file.txt", "r");
$handle = fopen("/home/rasmus/file.gif", "wb");
$handle = fopen("http://www.example.com/", "r");
$handle = fopen("ftp://user:[email protected]/somefile.txt", "w");
La utilizarea SSL, Microsoft IIS va viola protocolul prin închiderea conexiunii fără a trimite un indicator close_notify. PHP va raporta aceasta ca "SSL: Fatal Protocol Error" (eroare fatală de protocol) când se ajunge la sfârșitul datelor. Pentru a evita aceasta coborât nivelul error_reporting pentru a nu include avertizări. PHP poate detecta soft-ul de server IIS care produce astfel de greșeli când deschideți fluxul utilizând învelișul https:// și va suprima automat avertizările. La utilizarea fsockopen() pentru a crea un socket ssl:// programatorul este responsabil să detecteze și să suprime această avertizare.
Notă: Când este activat modul securizat , PHP verifică dacă directorul în care doriți să operați are același UID (proprietar) ca și script-ul care se execută.
If you are experiencing problems with reading and writing to files and you're using the server module version of PHP, remember to make sure that the files and directories you're using are accessible to the server process.
This function may also succeed when
filenameis a directory. If you are unsure whether
filenameis a file or a directory, you may need to use the is_dir() function before calling fopen().